The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Pequenos textos, prefácios, etc.


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Documentos 241 a 300 de 324



Heterodoxia e ortodoxia no Plano Bresser

1993. Economic heterodoxy should not be confused with economic populism. The Bresser-Plan was both heterodox and orthodox. (Conjuntura Econômica")



Prefácio para Comunidade Européia: A Construção de uma Potência Econômica

1992. Preface to book by Vera Thorstensen on the European Union.



Integração Latino-Americana ou Americana?

1991. Brazil should consider President Bush's proposal of an American economic integraton. (Paper: Novos Estudos Cebrap).





Dívida externa e crise do governo

1991. The Collor administration is approaching the debt crisis in a correct way under the direction of Zelia Cardoso and the ambassador Jorio Dauster. The solution requires a reduction of the debt. (Testimony to the Commission of Finance of the Brazilian Senate).



O Acordo sobre a Dívida Externa e a Crise do Governo

1991. Depoimento perante a Comissão de Finanças do Senado. Brasília, 7 de maio de 1991.



Comentários sobre o Relatório da Comissão Sul: Entre o Nacionalismo e o Consenso de Washington

1992. Debate com Celso Furtado no Instituto de Estudos Avançados da USP, sobre o Relatório da Comissão "Desafio ao Sul".



Resenha para Japão: O Capital se faz em casa

1991. Resenha sobre o livro de Barbosa Lima Sobrinho (Revista de Economia Política 12(2), abril 1992).



Prefácio para Ensaios de Economia Monetária

1992 - Preface to book by Fernando Nogueira da Costa.



Alternativa para as moratórias não-declaradas

1990. Brazil is since 1989 in the situation of default. Given that the Brady Plan offers just a small reduction in the debt, and the market discount is 30%, some unilateral initiative from Brazil is required. (Note: Folha de S.Paulo)



O tigre não morreu (Folha, 27.05.90)

1990. As early as April I said that the Plano Collor failed to control high inflation, despite its strong fiscal and monetary adjustment. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo, 27/5)



Resenha para A Revolução Indesejada: Conflito Distributivo e Mercado de Trabalho

1991. Review to book by José Márcio Camargo e Carlos Alberto Ramos. Rio de Janeiro, Campus, 1990.



Le Brésil à la derive du monde

1990. After the 1980s major crisis and the exhaustion of the national developmentalist strategy Brazil needs a new international strategy based on a political (not an economic) alliance with United States while protecting our national economic interests. (Published notes for two Paris conferences).



As Incertezas do Plano Collor

1991. A positive assessment of the Collor Plan 60 days after it was anounced. (Paper: Revista Brasileira de Economia)



Vamos sair da crise

1989. Debate no programa "Vamos Sair da Crise" da TV Gazeta de São Paulo e da TV Capital de Brasília. em 1989, às vésperas da primeira eleição presidencial após 29 anos.



Resenha de Igreja Católica e Política no Brasil

1989. Review to book by Scott Mainwaring.



Expériences d'un gouvernement: le ministère des Finances au Brésil

1989. A testimony to IUPERJ on the author's experience as Finance Minister in Brazil. I receive the finance ministry when the Great Debt Crisis of the 1980s reaches its peak with the failure of the Cruzado Plan. The emergence "Bresser Plan", and the negotiation of the foreign debt. Available in Portuguese, and in an extended version. (Published in Problèmes d'Amérique Latine)



The third world debt: a dangerous game

1989. Third world debt is so high that only its securitization with a discount in the line proposed in 1987 by me as finance minister of Brazil will solve the problem.



Solving the Debt Crisis: Debt Relief and Adjustment

1989. Testimony to the US House of Representatives, Washington, January 1989 *



Posfácio para Dolarization et Desindustrialization

1988. Postface à le livre de Pierre Salama, Dollarisation e Desindustrialization: les Effet Pervers des Politiques dAjustement.



Experiências de um governo

1988. A testimony to IUPERJ (Wanderley Guilherme dos Santos) on the authors experience as Finance Minister of Brazil. Available in French, and also an extended and revised version.(Discussion paper, IUPERJ)



Uma estratégia alternativa para negociar a dívida externa

1989.The 1987 negotiation of the foreign debt was guided by a question ("is the payment of interests consistent with the economic growth of Brazil?"), and by the idea of securityzing the debt with a discount. English version available. (Note in my edited book Dívida Externa: Crise e Soluções)



A Brazilian approach to external debt negotiation - 1987

1988. The 1987 negotiation of the foreign debt was guided by a question ("is the payment of interest consistent with the economic growth of Brazil?"), and by the idea of securitizing the debt with a discount. Portuguese version available. (Note: LASA Forum)



Duas questões básicas sobre a dívida externa

1988. The two basic questions on the foreign debt are, first, if Brazil has the possibility of fully honoring it without major economic losses (it has not); second, who is supposed to have the initiative (it is Brazil, we cannot wait on creditors). (Note: Economia em Perspectiva)



A mudança do papel do Estado na economia brasileira

1988. Between 1930 and 1980 the state was an instrument of growth, but since then, it became an obstacle. (Note in edited book)



Presupuestos y obstáculos de la integración Argentina-Brasil

1988. Conferência em seminário sobre a intregração Brasil-Argentina patrocinado pela Faculdade Latino Americana de Ciências Sociais (Flacso), Buenos Aires, 20 e 21 de outubro de 1988.



A concerted solution for the debt crisis

1988. Creditor countries are beginning to realize that a initiative involving debt reduction is necessary, but they seem paralyzed. Debtor countries must also participate from a concerted solution. (Introduction to non-published book)



Carta de demissão do Ministério da Fazenda

1987. December. Resignation letter from the Ministry.



Pronunciamento lançando o Plano de Estabilização

Pronunciamento na Reunião do Conselho de Desenvolvimento Econômico. Junho 1987.





Resenha de O Elo Perdido: Classe e Identidade de Classe

1987. Review to book by Francisco de Oliveira. SPaulo: Brasiliense, 1987.



Prefácio para A Economia dos Bispos

1987. Preface to book by Cláudia Fuser.



O Plano Cruzado

1986. Conferência pronunciada no Seminário "Efeitos do plano de estabilização econômica do governo sobre o ensino e a prática da administração".



Estado, poder de tributar e constituição

1985. The tax burden say what type state a nation has. in Brazil it is low in comparison with rich countries. It must be increased to finance the required social expenditures. (Lecture in Revista da Procuradoria Geral do Estado de S.Paulo)



Congelamento setorial e inflação corretiva

1985. With Fernando Dall'Acqua. A price freeze (without the neutralization of inertia) will unbalance relative prices; after some time, inflation will be back. (Note: Carta de Conjuntura).



Economia conservadora e economia progressista

1985. From the assumption that Economics is ideologically conditioned, the author distinguishes a conservative from a progressist approach to economic theory and economic policy.(Lecture: Revista de Economia Política)*



Resenha de Introdução à Macroeconomia: Uma Perspectiva Brasileira

1984. Review to book by Edmar Bacha, Rio de Janeiro: Editora Campus.



A economia possível com Tancredo (Folha, 15.09.84)

1984. A short (11 pages) proposal on how do deal with the main economic problems of Brazil written when Tancredo Neves was to be elected president of Brazil. (Conference: Folha de S.Paulo)





Economia à Brasileira (Senhor, 16.5.84)

1984. Review of book by Guido Mantega (1984) A Economia Política Brasileira. (Revista Senhor)



Resenha de O Capitalismo Tardio

1983. Review of book by João Manoel Cardoso de Mello. São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1982.



Entre a utopia e a realidade

1980. Review to book by André Franco Montoro Alternativa Comunitária: Um Caminho para o Brasil. São Paulo, Nova Fronteira, 1982.



O governo da cidade e a utopia

Revista de Estudos Sociais e Urbanos, n.6, junho 1982.



Fatos novos, novas relações de produção

1981. The technobureaucratic class is increasingly powerful but we should not be deterministic about it. (Introduction to the first edition of A Sociedade Estatal e a Tecnoburocracia)



Política Social, Consumo Social e Luta de Classes

1981 Inequality is very much associated to wage differences. The social state and the social consumption that it provides is an efficient form of reducing inequality. Debate with Paul Singer (Lecture)



Productive, operative and coordinative labour

1981. The distinction between productive and unproductive labour was not developed by Adam Smith and Marx to define the class system. Rather, it was originally used to describe the rise of capitalism in England. Poulantzas, however, sought to utilize these two concepts in order to define a new class - the new petty bourgeoisie. Capitalists would be the owners of the means of production; the working class, blue-collar employees, the productive workers; and the new class, the new petty bourgeoisie, the unproductive workers. In this chapter I will discuss this attempt, showing that the categories of productive and unproductive labour, not only do not help in the characterization of social classes, but have also lost their usefulness for helping to understand contemporary capitalism.



O futuro da abertura: um debate

1981. Debate with Bolivar Lamounier and André Lara Rezende where my view on the "abertura" opposite to Lamounier's is clear.



Resenha de Emprego, Salários e Pobreza

1980. Review of book by Paulo Renato de Souza. São Paulo: Hucitec-Fucamp, 1980.



A política econômica endógena

1981. Economic policy is becoming endogenous as the state gets imobilized for fiscal and financial reasons.



GV de São Paulo: A formação contraditória das classes dominantes (Senhor, março/80)

1980. Short essay showing how the students of the more important business school in Brazil received a progressive education. (Revista Senhor).



Lições do aprendiz de feiticeiro ou tecnoburocracia e empresa monopolista

1980. Response to Lima & Belluzzo'critique of my theory of technobureaucracy. They criticize me according to Marx, but I claim to be more faithful to Marx's spirit. (Note Estudos Cebrap)



Resenha de Acumulação de Capital e Demanda Efetiva

1985. Review of book by Jorge Miglioli,Acumulação de Capital e Demanda Efetiva in which the author presents the Marxist view of effective demand. (Review in Revista de Economia Política)



Prefácio para Empresários e Hegemonia Política no Brasil

1979. The Brazilian entrepreneurs may not have political hegemony but they have ideological hegemony. (Preface to the book by Fernando C. Prestes Motta).



Economia e Administração: Mercado e Poder

1979. Political economy born with capitalism, administrative theory rose with monopolist capitalism and the growth of business firms. Economics discusses market coordination of economic systems, administration, power coordination of organizations.(Note: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



Resenha de Criatividade e Dependência na Civilização Industrial, de Celso Furtado

1978. Industrial civilization involved two creative revolution: the capitalist and the scientific revolution. But it threatens freedom. (Review of Celso Furtados book "Criatividade e Dependência na Civilização Industrial, in Revista de Economia Política)



A Partir da Crítica

1977. A response to Giannotti. In the technobureaucratic mode of production the founding relation of production ceases to be the capital to become the bureaucratic organization. (Note: Estudos Cebrap)



O Estado e a economia no subdesenvolvimento industrializado

1977. The planning state and the producer state in industrialized underdevelopment or the developmental state. (Short paper)





A Ruptura de uma Aliança Política (Folha, 29.05.77)

1977. This article was the base for the book, O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes. With president Geisel's "Pacote de Abril" (1977), the aliance between the bourgeoisie and the military technobureaucracy starts breaking down, ( Article in Folha de S.Paulo)



A estratégia brasileira de desenvolvimento entre 1967 e 1973

1977. Two strategies increasing demand were central in the Brazilian 1967-73 'miracle': the concentration of income benefiting the middle class and the rich and an active export policy. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas).




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