The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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A revolução estudantil

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

In Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira Tecnoburocracia e Contestação. Petrópolis: Editora Vozes, 1972. Também publicado em Bresser-Pereira As Revoluções Utópicas. Escrito entre fevereiro e agosto de 1968.


The student revolution, not the workers' revolution, will transform the capitalist society. It is a middle class revolution reflecting the relative autonomy of intellectuals. This utopian revolution originates in new historical facts: the revolution in modern education that broke up with patriarcal views, the massisse increase of middle class students, in a society increasingly technified. bre revolution s inner insatifactions, and the relative autonomy of the middle class. I wrote this essay between February and August 1968, precisely in the moment that the revolution was taking place.


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